Mute cornetti in G

Four of the straight instruments preserved in the Vienna Collection (SAM 221, SAM 222, SAM 223 & SAM 224) have a very similar length to the soprano instruments in the same collection (when measured with mouthpiece). They are therefore high-pitched instruments (around A = 470 Hz. for most players) in G instead of F, the „standard“ modern tonality for mute cornetti.

The carved-in embouchure cup of these instruments is very shallow although, much shallower than the usual modern mute embouchure. It is a good question if these instruments were really intended to be „mute“ cornetti or rather straight soprano cornetti.

Bellow there is a brief description of each instrument and its embouchure.


SAM 221

Mute / straight soprano cornetto in G.

Instrument’s length: 593,1 mm.

Visualisation of the carved-in mouthpiece on the right

SAM 222

Mute / straight soprano cornetto in G.

Instrument’s length: 591,0 mm.

Visualisation of the carved-in mouthpiece on the right

SAM 223

Mute / straight soprano cornetto in G.

Instrument’s length: 592,2 mm.

Visualisation of the carved-in mouthpiece on the right

SAM 224

Mute / straight soprano cornetto in G.

Instrument’s length: 590,7 mm.

Visualisation of the carved-in mouthpiece on the right

Source of the measurements and pictures: Beatrix Darmstädter, "Die Zinken und der Serpent der Sammlung Alter Musikinstrumente“, Edition Bochinsky, 2011, ISBN 978-3-941532-08-3

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